Alfred weber theory of industrial location

Science as a Vocation Wirtschaftsgeschichte The coming together or agglomeration of industries offers cuts in production costs if two or more industries operate in the same location Fig. This type of industry tends to build up near market or raw material source, and are called foot-loose industry. Also, Weber has taken transportation cost on the basis of tone-mileage, and not on physical cost basis.

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Alfred Weber: Theory of Location of Industries, | David Harary - homesweethome.site

It is seen that the weight-losing manufacturing processes like iron smelting tend to be located near the source of raw materials, while the weight-gaining ones like baking tend to be located near the market Fig. Solution and Interpretation", Geographical Analysis, vol. Therefore, the industry in general is localized at a place or in a region where the cost of production was the minimum.

The best location in this situation is the market, as that will simply eliminate the transportation costs for the manufacturing unit. Some locattion the natural resources in this setting are found everywhere, while some have fixed locations.

If the coefficient of manufacture is high industries will have a tendency to centralize, if it is low, tendency of decentralization may be visible.

kf Weberian bureaucracy Disenchantment Ideal type Iron cage Life chances Methodological individualism Monopoly on violence Protestant work ethic Rationalisation Social action Three-component stratification Tripartite classification of authority Verstehen. It has been said that Weber did not effectively and realistically take into account geographic variation in market demand, which is considered a locational factor of paramount influence. In this field, his achievements involve work on early models of industrial location.

Theory of Alfred Weber: Definition, Features and Criticism

Weber supported reintroducing theory and causal models to the field of economicsin addition to using historical analysis. Weber found industrial activity the least expensive to produce.

Feedback Privacy Policy Feedback. If wastes remaining after the main production are to be made saleable. Weber has further given that the basic factors for location of an industry are the nature or type of material used and the nature of their transformation into products.

He lived during the period when sociology became a separate field of science.

Alfred Weber’s Basic Industrial Location Model

But labour and transportation costs should be low for an ideal situation. In fact, the theory is based on technical analysis and has become mathematical in character. The point of optimal transportation is based on the costs of distance to the "material index" — the ratio of weights of the intermediate products raw materials to finished the product.

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This page was last edited on 1 Novemberat As they leave, the locale area loses its economic base. In this way, he tried to compensate for variances in the intensity of rail use, the size of shipments, the topography, the condition of the road bed, the qualities of the goods being shipped, and the advantages associated with long hauls. Least cost location then implies marketing the product at the least cost to the consumer, much like retailers attempt to obtain large market shares today.

Characteristics and Measurement of Optimum Size.

It is the ration between cost per unit of product to the total weight of raw material and product to be moved. One is split in location. If labour coefficient is higher, the industry will get located at the place where costs are low and if labour the coefficient is lower, transportation costs may influence the decision.

According to Weber, factors affecting location of industries may be broadly classified into two groups or categories: It is the average cost of labour needed to produced one unit weight of output.

Thus, a pull is being exerted on the location by each of these three modes. Weber has given a material index to show the tendency of industries to get located either at a place where raw materials are easily available or where the markets are closer.

The location of raw materials is a given fixed in space in a predetermined and known fashion. Weber gave his theory in which was published in the form of an essay in German and subsequently translated in English in The spatial distribution of consumption is a given, and there is only one central purchase point for each producing unit; of course, he understood that in the real world, the location of a plant influences the distribution of labor and, in turn, this distribution impacts upon consumption.

Alfred Weber’s Basic Industrial Location Model | GEOG i:

This means that labor was not mobile, and thus not affected by the location of industries; of course, Weber knew this was not actually true in aflred real world. Although he did not specifically mention it, the model also assumes that culture characteristics as well as economic and political systems remain constant.

Usually this is a case of some ubiquitous raw material, such as water, being incorporated into the product.

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